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Visiting the Dadaocheng Customers of Tai-yi-hou in Nagasaki through Time Traveling
The Chinese enterprise Tai-yi-hou in Nagasaki, one of the figures in Traveling in Time Exhibition, was established in the beginning of the 20th century. Its commercial trade network crossed East-Asia including the treaty ports in Vladivostok, Korean Peninsula, coastline of China, Taiwan, Luzon, Malay Peninsula, etc. Tai-yi-hou’s customers were mainly Chinese merchants in Taiwan and Southeast Asia. Since Taiwan became the colony of Japan in 1895, the Japanese Government proactively increased economic and trade relationships between Japan and Taiwan. Within this context, Tai-yi-hou gained the upper hand in expanding its business to Taiwan with its advantageous location, language and culture. Among all Tai-yi-hou Papers, approximately 17,000 commercial letters sent from Taiwan were preserved until today, and around 10,000 of which were sent from stores in Dadaocheng.
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Taiwan’s Medical Education and Doctors’ Training during the Japanese Colonial Period
Taiwan’s Medical Education and Doctors’ Training during the Japanese Colonial Period

Author: Minro Hsieh |Staff member at the Archives of the Institute of Taiwan History
Photo: Archives of the Institute of Taiwan History
Translated by Chen Han-shu

In Taiwan, the University Entrance Examination is conducted in every July. The School of Medicine of National Taiwan University is usually the first choice for most students. The school’s list of accepted students is always widely discussed on social media after it is announced. Many students want to enter the narrow gate; some parents also believe that a child entering the School of Medicine increases their family’s social status. Why is entering the Medicine School so popular for Taiwanese? The answer is career autonomy, decent wages, and a higher social status. There is an idiom in Taiwan: “Selling ice cream is the first, being a doctor is the second,” (第一賣冰,第二做醫生) implying that being a doctor is a way to earn large salary. In addition, doctors, lawyers, and accountants are viewed as the best jobs in Taiwan because of their high wages. The School of Medicine of National Taiwan University has long history; it possesses abundant resources and distinguished professors. Hence, people who dream of becoming a doctor often dedicate themselves to enter this medical school.

Before the Western medical system were established, traditional Chinese doctors had been seen as the second level in the social hierarchy. It was not until after a modern systematic medical education was created by the Japanese colonial government that doctors gained a high position in Taiwanese society. In modern society, the authority of professional knowledge is crucial for raising social status. In fact, the cultivation of doctors during the colonial period reflected the transformation of the Taiwanese doctor’s social status. Using precious archives, this article introduces the establishment of Taiwan’s medical education and training system.


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