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Visiting the Dadaocheng Customers of Tai-yi-hou in Nagasaki through Time Traveling
The Chinese enterprise Tai-yi-hou in Nagasaki, one of the figures in Traveling in Time Exhibition, was established in the beginning of the 20th century. Its commercial trade network crossed East-Asia including the treaty ports in Vladivostok, Korean Peninsula, coastline of China, Taiwan, Luzon, Malay Peninsula, etc. Tai-yi-hou’s customers were mainly Chinese merchants in Taiwan and Southeast Asia. Since Taiwan became the colony of Japan in 1895, the Japanese Government proactively increased economic and trade relationships between Japan and Taiwan. Within this context, Tai-yi-hou gained the upper hand in expanding its business to Taiwan with its advantageous location, language and culture. Among all Tai-yi-hou Papers, approximately 17,000 commercial letters sent from Taiwan were preserved until today, and around 10,000 of which were sent from stores in Dadaocheng.
A Brief Journey through Tainanfu, Lugang, and Bangkah
A Brief Journey through Tainanfu, Lugang, and Bangkah

Author: Huang Hsiang-chi |Staff member of the Archives of the Institute of Taiwan History
Photo: Archives of the Institute of Taiwan History and the Palace Museum in Peking
Translated by Chen Han-shu

Taiwan, located in the midst of Northeast and Southeast Asian international trade routes, has been an important traffic and trading spot since the seventeen century. Due to its geographical importance and features, Taiwan was a competitive stronghold for countries involved in the Age of Discovery. Its occupation by the Netherlands, Spain, Koxinga in the Ming Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty and Japan helped Taiwan occupy a large role in the World History.

Tainanfu (in Tainan), Lugang (in Changhua), and Bangkah (in Taipei) were commercial ports and financial centers of Taiwan. These three cities symbolized the prosperous trading histories and witnessed the commercial development of Taiwan in contemporary history. This article investigates records related to the Qing official Shen Bao-zhen, the Hsu family enterprise in Lugang, and the Chen family enterprise Tai-yi hao, guiding readers along a brief journey through these three port cities.

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