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07/04 (Mon)

09:00-12:00,13:30-17:00

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Special Collections – Selects of Invasion of Taiwan in 1895
Since 16th century, Taiwan has been an important stronghold in a process of competition between western and eastern empire. A develop of Taiwan history interacts with China and world history. In 1894, because of Joseon problems, Qing dynasty and Japan broke out a war, which put Taiwan into a tempestuous and changeful historical trend. When the time went into 1895, several battles happened in our country and familiar locations due to Japanese invasion of Taiwan. Until the Qing Dragon Flag flew away to the Island of Formosa be covered with the Sun flag, people of the Island of Formosa finally became new subjects, who went through double baptism with colonialism and modernization in 50 years.
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II. Traveling memories from school excursions

Ye Sheng-ji’s 1939 diary carefully recorded his school’s excursion to Japan. Let us follow his steps to the impressive spots with our abundant archives! The itinerary shows that they visited the historic city of Kyoto, industrial metropolis of Osaka, and Kamakura and Nikko, which remain ancient Japanese civilization. Outlining his travel around main attractions in Japan via trains, buses, ferries, his diaries build up modern and time-honored images of the metropolitan state (see Table 1).

Date Attraction Accommodation Transportation
7.11 Higashi Park/Hakozaki-gu Toyokan Train
7.12 Suwa Shrine/Sofuku-ji/Dejima/Oura Church Maizuru Hotel Tram
7.13 Unzen-Amakusa National Park Miyazaki Hotel Bus
7.14 Shimabara Port/Kumamoto Misumi Port/Kumamoto Castle/Suizen-ji/Izumi Jinja Fujie Hotel Steam Boat, Train
7.15 Kumamoto Aso Tsuruta Hotel Bus, Train
7.16 Beppu Jigoku   Passenger ship
7.17 Osaka Port/Osaka Castle/Japan Mint/Osaka Asahi Shimbun Yamatoya Tram
7.18 Osaka Denki Museum/Momoyama/Nogi Shrine/Thirty-three ken hall/Hokoku Shrine/Hoko-ji/Kiyomizu-dera Temple/Heian Shrine   Tram, Train
7.19 Kyoto Gyoen/Nijo Castle/Kinkaku-ji/Arashiyama/Daimaru department store Uosa Hotel Tram, Train
7.20 Nara Park/Kasuga Grand Shrine/Shoso-in/Todai-ji/Hokke-do/Nigatsu-do/Kofuku-ji/Horyu-ji/Kashihara Shrine/Mie Yamada Wuni Hotel Train, Bus, Vehicle, Tram
7.21 Mie Isejingu Tokiwakan Train
7.22 Kanagawa Kotoku-in/Tsurugaoka Hachimangu/Kamakura-gu/Yokosuka Port Wuni Hotel Train, Bus
7.23 Tokyo Ueno Park/Tokyo Imperial University/ Imperial Museum/National Science Museum/Kiyomizu Kannon-do Temple/Yasukuni Shrine/Meiji Memorial Picture Gallery/Meiji Shrine/Residence of General Nogi/Nogi Shrine/Sengaku-ji Wuni Hotel Train
7.24 Tokyo Shinjuku Gyoen/Lake Chuzenji/Futarasan Shrine Yorozuya Hotel Train, Cable Car, Bus
7.25 Kegon Falls/Toshogu   Bus, Train
7.26 National Diet Building/Minatogawa Shrine   Tram, Train
Table 1:Itinerary of school excursion to Japan, July 11th - 26th, 1939.
Source: Summarize form The Diary of Ye Sheng-ji, 1939

On July 13th, 1939, Ye Sheng-ji visited Unzen-Amakusa National Park and saw the famous “Unzen Mud Volcano”, which was two meters in diameter. Ye Sheng-ji thought that, compared to the "Tianliao Moon World" in Kaohsiung, the Unzen Mud Volcano was adequate. He was the first student to climb to the top of Mount Unzen. The sublime scenery made him satisfied, and he said he would never forget the feeling of drinking a cool soda after a tiring walk down the mountain (see Figure 8).


Figure 8-1: Image of The Diary of Ye Sheng-ji from July 13th, 1939.
Source: Ye Sheng-ji Papers, Taiwan Archival Information System


Figure 8-2: Image of Unzen-Amakusa National Park in the 1930s.
Source: The national parks of Japan, Taiwan Rare Book Collections

On July 16, Ye Sheng-ji took a bus to visit Beppu Jigoku, a place with several natural hot springs with strong steam rising just like “hell”. He first saw Chinoike Jigoku, which had red mud at the bottom of the water. He then visited Oniishibozu Jigoku, where mud and hot springs erupted from a clay hole that seemed like a monk’s head. He also visited Umi Jigoku, Shiraike Jigoku, and Tsurumi Jigoku, thinking “hell” was a very hot place. Although “hell” seemed scary, it was a good place for patients who suffered from skin or enterogastric problems(see Figure 9).

Figure 9-1: Image of The Diary of Ye Sheng-ji from July 16th, 1939.
Source:Ye Sheng-ji Papers, Taiwan Archival Information System

Figure 9-2 & 9-3: Images of Umi Jigoku and Hachiman Jigoku.
Source: Michael H.Finegan Collection, Taiwan Archival Information System

On July 26th, Ye Sheng-ji visited the National Diet Building, the core for policy establishing. This magnificent architecture was constructed by a huge amount of building stone and steel bars. If all the stones were piled on the ground, the height would be equal to 30 Mount Fujis. The length of all steel bars was equal to the distance from Tokyo to Honolulu. Furthermore, it took eight hours to walk around all the rooms of the National Diet Building. Ye Sheng-ji also visited the House of Representatives and witnessed the process of examining a budget(see Figure 10).


Figure 10-1: Image of The Diary of Ye Sheng-ji from July, 26th, 1939.
Source: Ye Sheng-ji Papers, Taiwan Archival Information System

Figure 10-2: Image of the National Diet Building.
Source: Michael H.Finegan Collection, Taiwan Archival Information System

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