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The Taiwan Shinminpo News Special – Opening of Hualien Port, 1939

The Taiwan Shinminpo and its related newspaper series were the only newspapers published by the Taiwanese during the Japanese colonial era. Among the contents, in-depth special reports on places, events and people are very important historical materials for studies on family histories and local regions. The Institute of Taiwan History has collected almost a hundred local news specials, covering topics such as economy and industry, infrastructure, cultural history, and school education. The issues presented include banana production and industrial economic trends, major infrastructure completion and current political situation, upgrade of towns and villages, rail service resumption and local development. The Taiwan Shinminpo carried what might not be described or documented in regular publications, such as local cultural characteristics and industrial histories, which were precious records for understanding our homeland. With the reference to the news special “Commemorative Special on Opening of Hualien Port” published in The Taiwan Shinminpo on October 1-2, 1939 and other archival collections of Institute of Taiwan History, this article focuses on the completion and opening of Hualien Port in 1939, detailing the construction process and its impact during the Japanese colonial era.

Lou Tseng-Tsiang Archives released on the Taiwan Archival Information System

Lou Tseng-Tsiang (1871-1949)—also known as Zi-xing, Shen-du (being conscious and disciplined when lives alone), and J. René Lou in French—was born in Shanghai, Jiangsu to a Christian family. He studied classical Chinese, French and diplomacy in his early years and was assigned to the Chinese Embassy in Russia as a translation intern, later becoming a translation officer in 1893. In 1899, he married Berthe Françoise Eugénie Bovy, a Belgian socialite, in the Church of Saint Catherine, Russia. From 1905 to 1911, he acted as ambassador to the Netherlands (see Figure 1) and Russia. In October, 1911, influenced by his wife, he was baptized a Catholic. In March, 1912, Tang Shao-Yi formed the first cabinet of the Republic of China and appointed Lou Tseng-Tsiang as the first Minister of Foreign Affairs. From 1912 to 1916, he was appointed as Premier and then served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yuan Shi-Kai’s government. He led the Chinese delegation to attend the 1919 Paris Peace Conference and resigned from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs the next year. In 1922, he accompanied his ill wife to Switzerland for treatment and was appointed ambassador there by the R.O.C government. After his wife died in 1926, Lou Tseng-Tsiang left his official position and entered St. Andrew's Abbey, Bruges, Belgium (see Figure 2). He died in the abbey in 1949 at the age of 78.

          Figure 1: A photo taken in 1907 while   Figure 2: Lou Tseng-Tsiang was ordanined a 
          Lou Tseng-Tsiang was an ambassador   priest on June 29, 1935.
          to the Netherlands.                                 Identifier: T1063_05_10_0005

          Identifier: T1063_05_10_0005

In December, 2015, the Institute of Taiwan History and St. Andrew's Abbey collaborated on digitizing the Lou Tseng-Tsiang Archives following a suggestion by the Republic of China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. St. Andrew's Abbey has 43 boxes of Lou’s manuscripts and relics in storage, which are categorized into the following five groups according to content: diaries and miscellaneous notes, Chinese correspondence, foreign language correspondence, drafts and postcards, and miscellaneous items. The collaboration digitized 22,000 pages, all of which can be viewed and transcribed in the Institute of Taiwan History’s Archives Reading Room. The catalog and metadata are open to the public. Please visit theTaiwan Archival Information Systemto explore the Lou Tseng-Tsiang Archives!

Contents of the Lou Tseng-Tsiang Archives

Series Title Contents
Series I Diaries and Miscellaneous Notes Lou Tseng-Tsiang’s diaries and miscellaneous notes, draft letters, and scrapbooks of news clippings.
Series II Chinese Correspondence Chinese correspondence and drafts, other people’s letters, news clippings, papers related to ordination, and other manuscripts.
Series III Foreign Language Correspondence Foreign language correspondence, French draft letters, other people’s letters, and other manuscripts.
Series IV Drafts and Postcards Chinese and French draft letters, postcards and cards, Lou Tseng-Tsiang’s draft postcards.
Series V Miscellaneous Items Banquet menu, scrapbooks, receipts, drafts of autobiography, papers related to Lou Yun-Feng, letters and papers of Berthe Bovy, and photographs of 1919 Paris Peace Conference.

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