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Taiwan’s Medical Education and Doctors’ Training during the Japanese Colonial Period

During the Qing Dynasty, before the Western medical system was established, traditional Chinese doctors were seen as the second level in the social hierarchy. After the modern systematic medical education was founded by the Japanese colonial government, doctors gained a high position in Taiwanese society. In fact, the cultivation of doctors during the colonial period reflected the transformation of the Taiwanese doctor’s social status. Using precious archives, this article introduces the establishment of Taiwan’s medical education and training system.

V. Rebirth – Digital Archive & Value Addition

With Chinese pages banned and tighter restrictions imposed on the press by the Government-General of Taiwan, The Taiwan Shinminpo was forced to change its name to Kounan Shinbun (Kounan News) in 1941. Not only was the number of pages halved, the reports were mainly about the war and the coverage was no different from the pro-government media. In March 1944, six major newspapers in Taiwan, including Kounan News were merged to become Taiwan Shinpo (Taiwan News), essentially bringing an end to The Taiwan Shinminpo. Nevertheless, the Taiwanese held on to their spirit of critical thinking and expression of opinions through the media and persisted till the post-war years.

From The Taiwan Shinminpo to Kounan Shinbun (Kounan News), this sole Taiwanese-run private newspaper spanned across more than two decades, from 1923 to 1944. The publication of its first issue dated back to almost a century ago. The Institute of Taiwan History, Academia Sinica has recently established the digital archives of The Taiwan Shinminpo published between 1938 and 1941 and of the Hsinnan News, between 1941 and 1944.

In view of the importance of newspapers and periodicals, digitalization and value addition of the Records of The Taiwan Shinminpo were carried out and is now featured at The Archives of the Institute of Taiwan History, Academia Sinica for online access by the public. It is hoped that the archives featured would promote a better understanding of the social culture and everyday life of the public from the 1920s till the end of World War II, offering a perspective different from the pro-government media and a closer reflection of Taiwanese thinking. These materials would be of useful reference for broadening and deepening research studies in Taiwan history.

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