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Taiwan’s Medical Education and Doctors’ Training during the Japanese Colonial Period

During the Qing Dynasty, before the Western medical system was established, traditional Chinese doctors were seen as the second level in the social hierarchy. After the modern systematic medical education was founded by the Japanese colonial government, doctors gained a high position in Taiwanese society. In fact, the cultivation of doctors during the colonial period reflected the transformation of the Taiwanese doctor’s social status. Using precious archives, this article introduces the establishment of Taiwan’s medical education and training system.

"Kuo Hsueh-Hu Paintings and Papers" has Released

Kuo Hsueh-Hu (1908-2012), one of Taiwan's first-generation gouache painters, was born in Dadaocheng, Taipei. During Japanese-ruled period, He was renowned as a Toyoga (Japanese painting) painter active in the official art exhibitions at the young age, and also a founding member of painting societies which aimed at promoting the research and creation of Toyoga in Taiwan. After World War II in 1946, Kuo participated in the founding of Taiwan Provincial Fine Arts Exhibition, and sought to get more opportunities for the sale of paintings by exhibitions overseas. From the 1960s onward, He moved to Japan and later to the United States, continuing to seek inspirations through travel sketches and create new works.

As a pioneer of Eastern gouache and the modern art movement in Taiwan, Kuo Hsueh-Hu's life experience and artistic creation are the precious cultural heritages of Taiwan art history. The digital archives of "Kuo Hsueh-Hu Paintings and Papers" is a collaboration between the ITH Archives and Kuo Hsueh-Hu Foundation. This record group is classified into several series of artworks as well as documentary materials, of which series V "Sketch Book" and series IX "Collection of Taiwan Fine Art Exhibition Catalogues" are finished compiling and open online now. Please visit the Taiwan Archival Information System to access "Kuo Hsueh-Hu Paintings and Papers."


 Sketches of Japanese landscape (1967) and peony (1973), painted by Kuo Hsueh-Hu.
(Identifier: T1089_05_0013、T1089_05_0016)

 The cover of The 4th Taiwan Fine Art Exhibition Catalogue (1930) and the page of Kuo Hsueh-Hu’s selected artwork “Festival on South Street.” (Identifier: T1089_09_01_0004)

 The cover of The 5th Futen Catalogue (1942) and the page of Kuo Hsueh-Hu’s selected artwork “Early Spring.”  (Identifier: T1089_09_02_0005)


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