09/28 (Thu)

Opening Hours 9:00-17:00

Propagating Political Views to the Public –  From New People’s Society to The Taiwan Shinminpo

Yang Zhao-jia, one of the leading figures of the New Cultural Movement in Taiwan under Japanese rule, once said, “Newspaper and parliament are the two major driving forces for the promotion of civilization and social development.” Hence, the two core missions of the Taiwanese Cultural Association were running a newspaper and petitioning for the establishment of a Taiwanese parliament, which embodied their stand of unarmed resistance against colonial racism and had far-reaching impact on the enlightenment of Taiwan’s national consciousness.
2021 marked the centenary of the founding of the Taiwanese Cultural Association. In commemoration, the Archives organized a feature exhibition on The Taiwan Shinminpo, the only private Taiwanese-run newspaper during the Japanese colonial era. Selected collections of historical materials including personal documents, image data, diaries and passports were displayed and reviewed to illustrate that The Taiwan Shinminpo served to awaken and enlighten the people, boost national morale and propagate their political views to the public. Echoing the founding goal of the Taiwanese Cultural Association, The Taiwan Shinminpo opened a new page for Taiwanese to strive for democracy and freedom with a foothold in Taiwan and eyes looking at the world!

I. Institutional Archives
(i) Historical Materials Related to the February 28 Incident and White Terror (1947-1956)

This record group includes investigative reports conducted by agencies of the Secrets Bureau. It contains intelligence sources collected by agencies in different divisions of Taiwan during the February 28 Incident and White Terror periods. The records are important historical materials for research on the February 28 Incident and the White Terror period.

(ii) Records on the Taiwan Provincial Legislature (1946-1951) 

The Taiwan Provincial Legislature was established on May 1, 1946. It was the supreme public opinion institution until the Taiwan Provincial Interim Assembly was founded in December of 1951. This record group contains official documents related to the February 28 Incident, including the petition jointly submitted by representatives asking the government to release arrested representatives and suggesting that they hand down lenient sentences. These records are first-hand historical materials for research on the attitudes and behavior of the Taiwan Provincial Legislature during the February 28 Incident.

(iii) Forestry Records during the Taiwan Provincial Executive Office Period (1945-1947)

After World War II, the Kuomintang government took over Taiwan and established the Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office and later founded the Forestry Bureau to take over the transactions conducted by the Taiwan Government General and to manage Forestry administrative works in Taiwan. The record group includes documents related to inner investigations of staff members’ involvements in the February 28 Incident. It contains reports on the progress of events, and statistics on death, injury, and property damage. Although this record group presents the government’s perspectives, it still gives the reader a glimpse of the government’s reaction to the February 28 Incident and the tension between officials and citizens.

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