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08/18 (Fri)

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Special Collections – Selects of Invasion of Taiwan in 1895
Since 16th century, Taiwan has been an important stronghold in a process of competition between western and eastern empire. A develop of Taiwan history interacts with China and world history. In 1894, because of Joseon problems, Qing dynasty and Japan broke out a war, which put Taiwan into a tempestuous and changeful historical trend. When the time went into 1895, several battles happened in our country and familiar locations due to Japanese invasion of Taiwan. Until the Qing Dragon Flag flew away to the Island of Formosa be covered with the Sun flag, people of the Island of Formosa finally became new subjects, who went through double baptism with colonialism and modernization in 50 years.
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The series of Taiwan Rehabilitation Association and 228 Incident of “Yang Zhao-jia Papers” now released
2017-03-07
“Taiwan Rehabilitation Association and 228 Incident Papers” records Yang Zhao-jia’s experiences while he was moving to Shanghai and engaging in business since 1945 to 1950. This series contains the archives relating to Yang’s efforts of concerning Taiwan’s problems, including Republic of China (led by the Kuomintang) taking control of Taiwan, 228 Incident and the political situation of Taiwan and Shanghai.

“Taiwan Rehabilitation Association” was a nationwide group founded by Ko Tai-shan and his partners in Chongqing in August, 1945. Their main goal was concentrating people’s power to reconstruct Taiwan after the colonization under Japan. Yang Zhao-jia had organized “Taiwanese Alliance in Shanghai” and was nominated as the director. After Ko Tai-shan’s recommendation, Yang founded “Taiwan Rehabilitation Association Shanghai Chapter” and served as the director. In July 1946, six organizations in Shanghai including Taiwan Rehabilitation Association Shanghai Chapter sent the representatives appealing to the KMT government, Legislative Yuan and Executive Yuan for reforming the political and economic circumstance in Taiwan. However, Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office was infuriated by this act and arrested Yang in the name of traitor. After Lin Hsien-t'ang and Qiu Nian-tai’s rescue effort, Yang was released after 37 days in jail.

When the 228 Incident broke out in 1947, Yang took flight back to Taiwan on March 1st and intended to investigate this uprising. Nevertheless, he could not contact the external circumstances because of Chen Yi’s monitoring. On the next day, he took flight back to Nanjing and kept congregating the Taiwanese in China, appealing to KMT government for reforming the political circumstance.

The series of Taiwan Rehabilitation Association and 228 Incident includes 6 file units and 136 items. Welcome to search and browse the catalog of“Yang Zhao-jia Papers” in the Taiwan Archival Information System. If you need to access the content of collections, please visit the Historical Records Reading Room of the Archives, ITH.


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