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Visiting the Dadaocheng Customers of Tai-yi-hou in Nagasaki through Time Traveling
The Chinese enterprise Tai-yi-hou in Nagasaki, one of the figures in Traveling in Time Exhibition, was established in the beginning of the 20th century. Its commercial trade network crossed East-Asia including the treaty ports in Vladivostok, Korean Peninsula, coastline of China, Taiwan, Luzon, Malay Peninsula, etc. Tai-yi-hou’s customers were mainly Chinese merchants in Taiwan and Southeast Asia. Since Taiwan became the colony of Japan in 1895, the Japanese Government proactively increased economic and trade relationships between Japan and Taiwan. Within this context, Tai-yi-hou gained the upper hand in expanding its business to Taiwan with its advantageous location, language and culture. Among all Tai-yi-hou Papers, approximately 17,000 commercial letters sent from Taiwan were preserved until today, and around 10,000 of which were sent from stores in Dadaocheng.
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The series of Taiwan Rehabilitation Association and 228 Incident of “Yang Zhao-jia Papers” now released
2017-03-07
“Taiwan Rehabilitation Association and 228 Incident Papers” records Yang Zhao-jia’s experiences while he was moving to Shanghai and engaging in business since 1945 to 1950. This series contains the archives relating to Yang’s efforts of concerning Taiwan’s problems, including Republic of China (led by the Kuomintang) taking control of Taiwan, 228 Incident and the political situation of Taiwan and Shanghai.

“Taiwan Rehabilitation Association” was a nationwide group founded by Ko Tai-shan and his partners in Chongqing in August, 1945. Their main goal was concentrating people’s power to reconstruct Taiwan after the colonization under Japan. Yang Zhao-jia had organized “Taiwanese Alliance in Shanghai” and was nominated as the director. After Ko Tai-shan’s recommendation, Yang founded “Taiwan Rehabilitation Association Shanghai Chapter” and served as the director. In July 1946, six organizations in Shanghai including Taiwan Rehabilitation Association Shanghai Chapter sent the representatives appealing to the KMT government, Legislative Yuan and Executive Yuan for reforming the political and economic circumstance in Taiwan. However, Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office was infuriated by this act and arrested Yang in the name of traitor. After Lin Hsien-t'ang and Qiu Nian-tai’s rescue effort, Yang was released after 37 days in jail.

When the 228 Incident broke out in 1947, Yang took flight back to Taiwan on March 1st and intended to investigate this uprising. Nevertheless, he could not contact the external circumstances because of Chen Yi’s monitoring. On the next day, he took flight back to Nanjing and kept congregating the Taiwanese in China, appealing to KMT government for reforming the political circumstance.

The series of Taiwan Rehabilitation Association and 228 Incident includes 6 file units and 136 items. Welcome to search and browse the catalog of“Yang Zhao-jia Papers” in the Taiwan Archival Information System. If you need to access the content of collections, please visit the Historical Records Reading Room of the Archives, ITH.


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