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03/19 (Tue)

09:00 - 17:00

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Miyoshi Tokusaburou Papers-Feelings and Memories Traveling through Time
Miyoshi Tokusaburou Papers, one of the figures in Traveling in Time Exhibition, includes personal papers and commercial operating documents. Among these archives, personal papers, which are 96 in total, include memoirs, personal correspondence, photographs taken in Taiwan, and inventories of personal collections. Commercial operating papers are the documents which were created while he was running the branch shop of Tsujirihei in Taiwan from 1899 to 1903. There are 49 commercial operating papers in total. These papers are important sources for the research into Miyoshi Tokusaburou’s commercial activities and public service in Taiwan. In addition, we can also learn Mr. Miyoshi’s turning point in his life and his special relationship with the government at that time. Hence, these historical documents are invaluable. 
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False Issues: the short-lived Republic of Formosa

While the negotiation of the peace treaty of Shimonoseki were in progress, Nanyang Minister of Qing Dynasty called Tang Ching-sung to urge all countries to interfere the treaty due to the common will of Taiwanese people. The action was, to prevent Taiwan falling into the hands of Japan. On May 25, 1895, the Republic of Formosa was established with a national flag of a yellow tiger on a blue background. While no western power supported and the Japanese military was approaching, the President Tang Ching-sung, who commanded the Taipei military in person, fled away in the beginning of June. In October, the Japanese attacked Tainan jointly from three ways, making the Black Flag Army by Liu Yung-fu failed to resist. Liu also left Taiwan abroad an English ship.

Tang Ching-sung
Tang Ching-sung
Source:James W. Davidson(1903).The Island of Formosa Past and Present. London and New York: Macmillan & Company. Yokohama, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Singapore: Kelly & WalshLtd. Archives of National Museum of Taiwan History
Formal advice in 1895 announced by Tang Ching-sung
Formal advice in 1895 announced by Tang Ching-sung
Source:Archives of National Museum of Taiwan History History
Tang Ching-sung was the Chief of Taiwan Fujian in 1887, the administrative commissioner of Taiwan in 1891, the Inspector-General of Taiwan Province, and the President of the Republic of Formosa in 1895.
 
The Tiger-Bone Liquor Trademark of the Monopoly Bureau
he Tiger-Bone Liquor Trademark of the Monopoly Bureau, Governor-General of Taiwan
The Tiger-Bone Liquor Trademark of the Monopoly Bureau in 1929 and 1937, Governor-General of Taiwan
Source:臺灣總督府專賣局公文類纂,Digital Archives of the Archives of Institute of Taiwan History
In period of Japanese rule, Sugimoto ryoo, who is a Liquor section manager of Monopoly Bureau, discovered incidentally the Yellow Tiger flag of Republic of Formosa in the Governor-General museum. Consequently, he used to the Yellow Tiger on the flag become a trademark of a tiger-bone liquor.
 Letter from Liu Cheng-liang to His Adoptive Father, Liu Yung-fu
Letter from Liu Cheng-liang to His Adoptive Father, Liu Yung-fu
Source:Archives of National Museum of Taiwan History
On September 6, Liu Cheng-liang garrisoning at Cihou Kaohsiung who wrote a letter to his adoptive father, Liu Yung-fu. In the letter, it first mentioned that if Liu Yung-fu wanted to conscribe Cantonese voluntary soldiers, it was more convenient to conscribe from Meinung village because this village was good at fight and ambush.
Stamp Fold designed by the American journalist Davidson, edited and printed by Kobe Newsletter
Stamp Fold designed by the American journalist Davidson, edited and printed by Kobe Newsletter
Source:James Wheeler Davidson Family Fuds,Archives of University of Calgary
In 1895, Davidson came to Taiwan to report the Sino-Japanese War. He became the embedded journalist of Qing and Japan successively, observing the establishment and the destruction of the Republic of Formosa in that year. The stamp fold narrates how Liu Yung-fu collected tax, and issued stamps and bonds for raising funds to fight against the Japanese.
Stamp published by Liu Yung-fu in 1895
Stamp published by Liu Yung-fu in 1895
Source:Archives of National Museum of Taiwan History
Liu Yung-fu founded the Republican Postal Office in Anping Customs, and published totally four different kinds of republican stamps. The face value of stamp divided into 3 cents, 5 cents and 10 cents, and each one had its own color like blue, red and violet. In the centre of stamps was the emblem of the Republic of Formosa – tiger, and the post mark rounded the words “Formosa Republic, Taiwan”. This mail that was sent from Tainan to Xiamen pasted with three kinds of stamps with different face value, as well as postmarked the date 7 October 1985.

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